- World Boreal Forests -
Betulaceae - Birch family
In the boreal forest, the Betulaceae family, encompassing birch and alder shrubs, plays a vital role in shaping the ecosystem. Dwarf birch (Betula nana) and alder shrubs are noteworthy members, contributing to the diverse tapestry of the northern landscape. These low-lying shrubs, adorned with delicate leaves and catkin clusters, provide essential cover and foraging grounds for small mammals and ground-nesting birds. Beyond their modest size, these shrubs, including alders, significantly enhance the biodiversity of the boreal forest. Their presence offers critical habitat elements, fostering a resilient and diverse ecosystem that thrives amidst the challenging conditions of the northern wilderness.