World Boreal Forests

Trees

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Trees

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Shrubs

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Herbs & Wildflowers

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Graminoids

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Ferns

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Aquatic Plants

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Moss & Lichens

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Mushrooms

This subsection contains a list of trees found within the boreal ecoregions of Canada, Alaska, Siberia, Scandinavia & Iceland. It also includes trees found on the boreal transition forests.

Deciduous Species

Boreal Forest Trees - Deciduous

Betulaceae - Birch Family

Betula alleghaniensis - Yellow Birch

Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition, Eastern Canadian Forests, & South Avalon-Burin oceanic barrens.
How to Identify & Propagate

Betula Papyrifera - Paper birch

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland & the Alaska Peninsula Montane Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Betula populifolia - Gray Birch

Acadian Forests, & Eastern Great Lakes lowland Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Betula occidentalis - Water Birch

Muskwa Slave-Lake, Northern Cordillera, & Yukon Interior Dry Forests Forests. Northern Canadian Shield, Northwest Territories, Copper Plateau, & Interior Alaska Yukon Lowland Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Betula pendula - European White Birch

Kamchatka-Kurile, Sakhalin island, Okhotsk-Manchurian, all the Siberian Taiga, Urals Montane, Scandinavian & Russian Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Betula pubescens - Downy Birch

Kamchatka-Kurile, Sakhalin island, Okhotsk-Manchurian, all the Siberian Taiga, Urals Montane, Scandinavian & Russian Taiga. Iceland Boreal Birch Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Fagaceae - Oak Family

Quercus alba - White Oak

Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Quercus rubra - Northern Red Oak

Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Quercus robur - Common Oak

Scandinavian, Russian & West Siberian Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Malvaceae - Mallow Family

Tilia americana - American Linden

Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Salicaceae - Willow Family

Populus

Populus balsamifera - Balsam poplar

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland & the Cook Inlet Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Populus tremuloides - Quaking Aspen

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland & the Cook Inlet Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Salix

Salix nigra - Black Willow

Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Sapindaceae - Soapberry Family

Acer saccharum - Sugar Maple

Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition, Acadian & Great Lakes Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Acer platanoides - Norway Maple

Scandinavian & Russian Taiga. Invasive around Acadian, Great Lakes, & Central Canadian Shield Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Acer rubrum - Red Maple

Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition, Acadian & Great Lakes Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Acer negundo - Boxelder Maple

Mid-Continental Canadian Forests, Southern Great Lakes & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Ulmaceae - Elm Family

Ulmus americana - White Elm

Eastern Canadian, Central Canadian Shield, Midwestern Canadian Shield Forests. Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Ulmus glabra - Wych Elm

Scandinavian, Russian & West Siberian Taiga. Iceland Boreal Birch Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Coniferous Species

Boreal Forest Trees - Coniferous

Cupressaceae - Cypress Family

Callitropsis

Callitropsis nootkatensis - Alaska Cedar

North Pacific Coastal Forest.
How to Identify & Propagate

Juniperus

Juniperus scopulorum - Rocky Mountain Juniper

North Central Rockies Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Thuja

Thuja plicata - Western Red Cedar

North Pacific Coastal & North Central Rockies Forests.

Thuja occidentalis - Northern White Cedar

Eastern & Central Canadian Shield Forests, Southern Hudson Bay Taiga. Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition, Acadian Forests.

Pinaceae - Pine Family

Abies

Abies lasiocarpa - Subalpine Fir

Yukon Interior Dry Forests & Rocky Mountain Forests.

Abies sibirica - Siberian Fir

Kamchatka-Kurile, Sakhalin island, Okhotsk-Manchurian, through Siberia until the Russian Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Abies balsamea - Balsam Fir

From the Newfoundland Highland Forests, through the Eastern Canadian Shield & Southern Hudson Bay Taiga. South to the Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition & Great Lakes Forests. West until the Midwestern & Midcontinental Canadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Picea

Picea abies - Norway Spruce

Scandinavian & Russian Taiga, east until West Siberian Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Picea glauca 'conica - Dwarf Alberta Spruce

Ornamental variety of Picea glauca.
How to Propagate

Picea sitchensis - Sitka Spruce

Northern Pacific Coastal Forests. Cook Inlet & Alaska Peninsula Montane Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Picea glauca - White Spruce

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland & the Cook Inlet Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Picea mariana - Black Spruce

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland & the Cook Inlet Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Picea rubens - Red Spruce

Eastern Canadian Forests. Acadian, Great Lakes, & Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition.
How to Identify & Propagate

Pinus

Pinus banksiana - Jackpine

From the Eastern Canadian Forests through the Canadian Shield Taiga until Muskwa Slave-Lake & Northwest Territories Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Pinus sylvestris - Scotch Pine

Okhotsk-Manchurian, through Siberia into the Russian & Scandinavian Taiga. Invasive in the Acadian, Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition & Great Lakes Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Pinus resinosa - Red Pine

Eastern Canadian & Acadian Forests. Central & Midwestern Canadian Shield. Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition & Great Lakes Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Pinus contorta - Lodgepole Pine

Pacific Coastal, Rocky Mountain, Northern Corderilla & Yukon Interior Dry Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Pinus strobus - White Pine

Newfoundland Highland & Eastern Canadian Forests. Central & Midwestern Canadian Shield. Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition & Great Lakes Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Pseudotsuga

Pseudotsuga menziesii - Douglas Fir

Rocky Mountain & Pacific Coastal Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Pseudotsuga menziesii var. glauca - Rocky Mountain Douglas Fir

Rocky Mountain & Pacific Coastal Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Larix

Larix decidua - European Larch

Alps and Caucasian mountains in Europe.
How to Identify & Propagate

Larix laricina - Tamarack Larch

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland.
How to Identify & Propagate

Larix sibirica - Siberian Larch

Scandinavian & Russian Taiga, East & West Siberian Taiga. Trans-Baikal Conifer Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Larix gmelinii - Dahurian Larch

Kamchatka-Kurile Meadows & Sparse Forest. Kamchatka-Kurile, Sakhalin island, & Okhotsk-Manchurian Taiga. Trans-Baikal Conifer Forests. Northeast Siberian to East Siberian Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Larix occidentalis - Western Larch

Rocky Mountain Range.
How to Identify & Propagate

Tsuga

Tsuga canadensis - Eastern Hemlock

Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition. Great Lakes & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Tsuga heterophylla - Western Hemlock

North Pacific Coastal Forest, Cook Inlet Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate