- World Boreal Forests -

Shrubs

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Trees

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Shrubs

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Herbs & Wildflowers

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Graminoids

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Ferns

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Aquatic Plants

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Moss & Lichens

Created by potrace 1.16, written by Peter Selinger 2001-2019

Mushrooms

This subsection contains a list of shrubs found within the boreal ecoregions of Canada, Alaska, Siberia, Scandinavia & Iceland.

Deciduous Species

This section contains deciduous shrubs as well as evergreen shrubs that are non-coniferous.

Boreal Forest Shrubs - Deciduous

Adoxaceae - Moschatel family

Viburnum

Viburnum edule - Mooseberry

From Newfoundland Highland through the Canadian Shield, Muskwa Slave-Lake, Northern Cordillera Forests up to Northwest Territories, & Interior Alaksa Yukon Lowland Taiga.

Viburnum opulus - Guelder Rose

Scandinavian, Russian, & Siberian Taiga. Sakhalin Island, & Okhotk Manchurian Taiga. Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests.

Viburnum trilobum - Highbush Cranberry

Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Viburnum lentago - Nannyberry

Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Viburnum rafinesquianum - Downy Arrowwood

Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests.

Betulaceae - Birch family

Alnus

Alnus alnobetula - Green Alder

Present in every Boreal Forest (Holarctic Distribution).

Alnus incana - Speckled Alder

Present in every Boreal Forest (Holarctic Distribution).

Betula

Betula glandulosa - American Dwarf Birch

Present in every Boreal Forest (Holarctic Distribution). Sparsely in Scandinavian & Siberian Taiga.

Corylus

Corylus cornuta - Beaked Hazelnut

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Great Lakes Forets. Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition. Central to Midwestern Canadian Shield Forests.

Caprifoliaceae - Honeysuckle Family

Diervilla

Diervilla lonicera - Northern Bush Honeysuckle

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests. Central, Midwestern Canadian Shield Taiga.

Linnaea

Linnaea borealis - Twinflower

Present in every Boreal Forest (Holarctic Distribution).

Lonicera

Lonicera canadensis - Fly Honeysuckle

Eastern Canadian, Boreal Transition, Acadian, Great Lakes, & Central Canadain Sheild Forests.

Lonicera villosa - Mountain Fly Honeysuckle

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests. Southern Hudson Bay, Central, Midwestern, & Northern Canadian Shield Taiga. Scandinavian Taiga.

Lonicera involucrata - Twinberry Honeysuckle

Southern Hudson Bay Taig, & Central Canadian Shield Forests.

Symphoricarpos

Symphoricarpos albus - Common Snowberry

Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests. Central, Midwestern Canadian Shield, Muskwa Slave-Lake Taiga. Cordillera Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Symphoricarpos occidentalis - Western Snowberry

Northern Cordillera Forests, Northwest Territories Taiga, Muskwa-Slave Lake, Midcontinental Canadian Forests.

Cistaceae - Rockrose Family

Hudsonia

Hudsonia tomentosa - Beach Heather

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests. Through the Canadian Shield Taiga up to Muskwa-Slave Lake Forests & Northwest Territories Taiga.

Cornaceae - Dogwood Family

Cornus

Cornus canadensis - Bunchberry

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland, the Cook Inlet, & Alaska Peninsula Montane Taiga. Kamchatka-Kurile, Sakhalin island, & Okhotsk-Manchurian Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Cornus sericea - Redosier Dogwood

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland, the Cook Inlet, & Alaska Peninsula Montane Taiga. Introcuced to Eurasian Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Elaeagnaceae - Oleaster Family

Shepherdia

Shepherdia canadensis - Canada Buffaloberry

From Newfoundland Highland through the Canadian Shield, Muskwa Slave-Lake, Northern Cordillera Forests up to Northwest Territories, & Interior Alaksa Yukon Lowland Taiga.

Ericaceae - Heath Family

Andromeda

Andromeda polifolia - Bog Rosemary

Present in every Boreal Forest (Holarctic Distribution).
How to Identify & Propagate

Arctostaphylos

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi - Bearberry

Present in every Boreal Forest (Holarctic Distribution).

Chamaedaphne

Chamaedaphne calyculata - Leatherleaf

Present in every Boreal Forest (Holarctic Distribution).

Chimaphila

Chimaphila umbellata - Pipsissewa

Sparsely present in every Boreal Forest (Holarctic Distribution).

Epigaea

Epigaea repens - Trailing Arbutus

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests. Eastern to Midwestern Canadian Shield Forests.

Empetrum

Empetrum nigrum - Crowberry

Present in every Boreal Forest (Holarctic Distribution).

Gaultheria

Gaultheria hispidula - Creeping Snowberry

From Newfoundland Highland through the Canadian Shield, Muskwa Slave-Lake, Northern Cordillera Forests up to Northwest Territories, & Interior Alaksa Yukon Lowland Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Gaultheria procumbens - Eastern teaberry

Eastern Canadian, Acadian, Central Candian Shield, & Great Lakes Forests. Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition.
How to Identify & Propagate

Kalmia

Kalmia angustifolia - Sheep Laurel

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Boreal Transition, Acadian, & Great Lakes Forests. Eastern, Central Canadian Shield, & Southern Hudson Bay Taiga.

Rhododendron

Rhododendron canadense - Rhodora

Newfoundland Highland & Eastern Canadian, & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Rhododendron groenlandicum - Labrador Tea

From Newfoundland Highland Forests, through Canadian Shield Taiga, until Interior Alaska Yukon lowland Taiga. Northern Cordillera Forests, Cook Inlet & Alaska Penninsula Montane Taiga. Greenland, Scandinavian, & Sakhalin Island Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Vaccinium

Vaccinium angustifolium -Lowbush Blueberry

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian Forests, & Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition. Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests. Eastern, Central, & Midwestern Canadian Shield Forests. Southern Hudson Bay Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Vaccinium caespitosum - Dwarf Billberry

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, stopping at the Mid-Continental Canadian Forests to reappear further at the Northern Cordillera, & Yukon Interior Dry Forests. Copper Plateau, Cook Inlet, Alaska Peninsula Montane Taiga.

Vaccinium myrtilloides - Canadian Blueberry

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga west into Muskwa Slave-Lake & the Northen Cordillera Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Vaccinium macrocarpon - American Cranberry

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests. Southern Hudson Bay, Eastern, Central, & Midwestern Canadian Shield Taiga.

Vaccinium corymbosum - Highbush Blueberry

Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Vaccinium myrtillus - European Blueberry

Iceland Boreal Birch Forests. Scandinavian, Russian, & Siberian Taiga. Even Found in Greenland.
How to Identify & Propagate

Vaccinium oxycoccos - Bog Cranberry

Present in every Boreal Forest. (Holarctic Distribution).
How to Identify & Propagate

Vaccinium vitis-idaea - Lingonberry

Present in every Boreal Forest. (Holarctic Distribution).

Fabaceae - Legumes Family

Caragana

Caragana arborescens - Siberian Peashrub

Siberian Taiga, Kamchatka-Kurile Meadows & Sparse Forest. Kamchatka-Kurile, Sakhalin island, & Okhotsk-Manchurian Taiga. Trans-Baikal Conifer Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Grossulariaceae - Currant Family

Ribes

Ribes americanum - Wild Black Currant

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Acadian & Great Lakes Forests. Eastern, Central, Midwestern Canadian Shield, & Southern Hudson Bay Taiga. Midcontinental Canadian Forests..

Ribes hirtellum - American Gooseberry

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Great Lakes & Acadian Forests. Central & Midwestern Canadian Shield Taiga. Mid-Continental Canadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Ribes lacustre - Prickly Black Currant

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West through Muskwa-Slave lake, Northern Cordillera Forests, & the Alaska Yukon Interior Lowland & the Cook Inlet Taiga.

Ribes glandulosum - Skunk Currant

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland & the Cook Inlet Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Ribes hudsonianum - Northern Black Currant

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West through Muskwa-Slave lake, Northern Cordillera Forests, & the Alaska Yukon Interior Lowland & the Cook Inlet Taiga.

Ribes triste - Red Currant

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland, the Cook Inlet, & Alaska Peninsula Montane Taiga. Kamchatka-Kurile, Sakhalin island, & Okhotsk-Manchurian Taiga. Eastern to Northeast Siberian Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Myricaceae - Wax Myrtle Family

Myrica

Myrica pensylvanica - Northern Bayberry

Eastern Canadian & Acadian Forests. South Avalon–Burin Oceanic Barrens.
How to Identify & Propagate

Comptonia

Comptonia peregrina - Sweetfern

Eastern Canadian Forests. Central Canadian Shield Forests. Southern Hudson Bay Taiga. Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Rosaceae - Rose Family

Amelanchier

Amelanchier alnifolia - Serviceverry

Interior Alaska Yukon Lowland, Cook Inlet, Alaska Peninsula Montane, Copper Plateau Taiga. Northern Cordillera, Muskwa-Slake Lake, Yukon Interiror Dry Forests. Northwest Terriroties, Northern, & Midwestern Canadian Shield Taiga. Appears sparsely in the Eastern Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Amelanchier humilis - Low Serviceverry

Eastern Canadian, Boreal Transition, Acadian, Great Lakes Forests. Eastern, Central Canadian Shield, & Southern Hudson Bay Taiga.

Amelanchier bartramiana - Mountain Serviceverry

Newfoundland Highland Forests, Eastern Canadian, Boreal Transition, Acadian, Great Lakes Forests. Eastern, Central Canadian Shield, & Southern Hudson Bay Taiga.

Amelanchier sanguinea - Roundleaf serviceberry

Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition, Acadian, & Great Lakes Forests.

Dasiphora

Dasiphora fruticosa - Shrubby Cinquefoil

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Eastern Canadian Forests, stopping at the Central Canadian Shield Forests to reappear further at the Northwest Territories, Cook Inlet, Alaska Peninsula Montane, Kamchatka-Kurile, Sakhalin island Taiga. Scandinavian Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Prunus

Prunus pensylvanica - Fire Cherry

From Newfoundland Highland through the Canadian Shield, Muskwa Slave-Lake, Northern Cordillera Forests up to Northwest Territories, & Interior Alaksa Yukon Lowland Taiga.

Prunus virginiana - Choke Cherry

From Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian Forests, Great Lakes, & Acadian Forests through the Canadian Shield, Southern Hudson Bay Taiga, Midcontinental Canadian Forests, west to Muskwa Slave-Lake.

Prunus tenella - Russian Almond

Scandinavian, Russian, & Western Siberian Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Rosa

Rosa acicularis - Prickly Wild Rose

Present in every Boreal Forest. (Holarctic Distribution).
How to Identify & Propagate

Rubus

Rubus chamaemorus - Cloudberry

Present in every Boreal Forest. (Holarctic Distribution).

Rubus parviflorus - Thimbleberry

Northern Cordillera, & Yukon Interior Dry Forests. Cook inlet, & Alaska Peninsula Montane Taiga.

Rubus idaeus - Wild Red Raspberry

Present in every Boreal Forest. (Holarctic Distribution).

Rubus pubescens - Dewberry

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland, the Cook Inlet, & Alaska Peninsula Montane Taiga.
How to Identify & Propagate

Sorbus

Sorbus americanus - Mountain Ash

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Central, & Midwestern Canadian Shield Forests. Southern Hudson Bay Taiga. Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes & Acadian Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Sorbus decora - Showy Mountain Ash

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Central, & Midwestern Canadian Shield Forests. Southern Hudson Bay Taiga. Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes & Acadian Forests.

Spiraea

Spiraea alba - Narrow-Leaved Meadowsweet

Eastern Forest-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes, Acadian, Central, Midwestern Canadian Shield, & Midcontinental Canadian Forests.

Ranunculaceae - Buttercup Family

Coptis

Coptis trifolia - Threeleaf Goldthread

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, stopping at the Mid-Continental Canadian Forests to reappear further at the Cook Inlet, Alaska Peninsula Montane, & Sakhalin island Taiga. Even found in Greenland.
How to Identify & Propagate

Rhamnaceae - Buckthorn Family

Rhamnus

Rhamnus alnofolia - Alder-leaved Buckthorn

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Acadian & Great Lakes Forests. Eastern, Central, Midwestern Canadian Shield, & Southern Hudson Bay Taiga. Midcontinental Canadian Forests.

Sapindaceae - Soapberry Family

Acer

Acer spicatum - Mountain Maple

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Acadian & Great Lakes Forests. Eastern, Central, Midwestern Canadian Shield, & Southern Hudson Bay Taiga. Midcontinental Canadian Forests.

Salicaceae - Willow Family

Salix

Salix bebbiana - Beaked Willow

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga, West to Interior Alaska Yukon lowland, the Cook Inlet, & Alaska Peninsula Montane Taiga.

Salix humilis - Upland Willow

Eastern Forests-Boreal Transition, Acadian, & Great Lakes Forests.

Salix discolor - Pussy Willow

Newfoundland Highland, Eastern Canadian, Acadian & Great Lakes Forests. Eastern, Central, Midwestern Canadian Shield, & Southern Hudson Bay Taiga. Midcontinental Canadian, & Muskwa-Slave Lake Forests.
How to Identify & Propagate

Saxifragaceae - Saxifrage Family

Saxifraga

Saxifraga oppositifolia - Mountain Saxifrage

Present in every Boreal Forest. (Holarctic Distribution).
How to Identify & Propagate

Coniferous Species

Cupressaceae - Cypress Family

Juniperus

Juniperus communis - Common Juniper

Present in every Boreal Forest. (Holarctic Distribution).

Juniperus horizontalis - Creeping Juniper

From the Newfoundland Highland forests, through the Canadian Shield Taiga west into Muskwa Slave-Lake & Northen Cordillera Forests, & the Northwest Territories Taiga.

Taxaceae - Yew Family

Taxus

Taxus canadensis - Canada Yew

Newfoundland Highland Forests, Eartern Canadian Forests. Eastern & Central Canadian Shield Forests. Southern Hudson Bay Taiga. Earstern Forests-Boreal Transition, Great Lakes & Acadian Forests.